Essay on department of homeland security

Free Essay: In this research paper, I am going to discuss the plan that the Department of Homeland Security has set forth for the years of This.
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Altogether, between and , tunnels have been unearthed at the U.

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Other smuggling methods increasingly include the use of drones and catapults as well as joint drainage systems between border towns that have wide tunnels or tubes through which people can crawl and drugs can be pulled. Another thing to consider is that a barrier in the form of a wall is increasingly irrelevant to the drug trade as it is now practiced because most of the drugs smuggled into the U. Instead, according to the U. Drug Enforcement Administration, most of the smuggled marijuana as well as cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamines comes through the 52 legal ports of entry on the border.

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These ports have to process literally millions of people, cars, trucks, and trains every week. Traffickers hide their illicit cargo in secret, state—of—the art compartments designed for cars, or under legal goods in trailer trucks.

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And they have learned many techniques for fooling the border patrol. Mike, a grizzled U. Such write—offs are part of their business expense. Other times the tipoffs are false.

Free research essays on topics related to: homeland security

Beyond the Sinaloa Cartel, 44 other significant criminal groups operate today in Mexico. In alone this violence claimed between 21, and 23, lives. Between and , a staggering , people were murdered in Mexico, a number that could actually be much higher, as many bodies are buried in mass graves that are hidden and never found. Directly across the border from peaceful El Paso. He had started working for the gang as a halcone a lookout when he was 15, he said. But now as the drug war raged in the city and the local gangs were pulled into the infighting between the big cartels, his friends in the gang were being asked to do much more than he wanted to do—to kill.

Without any training, they were given assault weapons. But it was tough going for her and her staff to make the case. While President Trump accuses Mexico of exporting violent crime and drugs to the United States, many Mexican officials as well as people like Valeria, who are on the ground in the fight against the drug wars, complain of a tide of violence and corruption that flows in the opposite direction. Some 70 percent of the firearms seized in Mexico between and originated in the United States.

Although amounting to over 73, guns, these seizures still likely represented only a fraction of the weapons smuggled from the United States. Moreover, billions of dollars per year are made in the illegal retail drug market in the United States and smuggled back to Mexico, where the cartels depend on this money for their basic operations. And of course it is the U. Take, for example, the current heroin epidemic in the United States.

It originated in the over—prescription of medical opiates to treat pain. The subsequent efforts to reduce the over—prescription of painkillers led those Americans who became dependent on them to resort to illegal heroin. That in turn stimulated a vast expansion of poppy cultivation in Mexico, particularly in Guerrero. For the retail trade, however, they usually recruit business partners among U. And thanks to the deterrence capacity of U. So the U.

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Both the George W. Bush administration and the Obama administration recognized the joint responsibility for drug trafficking between the United States and Mexico, an attitude that allowed for unprecedented collaborative efforts to fight crime and secure borders. This collaboration allowed U. In retaliation for building the wall, for any efforts the U.

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Chicago police at the scene of a shooting in the Englewood neighborhood. In , 14, people were murdered, the lowest homicide rate since when there were 24,, and part of a pattern of steady decline in violent crime over that entire period. In , however, murders in the U. This increase was largely driven by three cities—Baltimore, Chicago, and Washington, D. Baltimore and Chicago have decreasing populations, and all three have higher poverty and unemployment than the national average, high income and racial inequality, and troubled relations between residents and police—conditions conducive to a rise in violent crime.

There is no evidence, however, that undocumented residents accounted for either the rise in crime or even for a substantial number of the crimes, in Chicago or elsewhere. The vast majority of violent crimes, including murders, are committed by native—born Americans. Multiple criminological studies show that foreign—born individuals commit much lower levels of crime than do the native—born. In California, for example, where there is a large immigrant population, including of undocumented migrants, U. Unfortunately, the Trump administration is promoting a policing approach that insists on prioritizing hunting down undocumented workers, including by using regular police forces, and this kind of misguided law enforcement policy is spreading: In Texas, which has an estimated 1.

Among the punishments are draconian measures such as removal from office, fines, and up to one—year imprisonment to be enacted against local police officials who do not embrace immigration enforcement. They argued that immigration enforcement is a federal, not a state responsibility, and that the new law would widen a gap between police and immigrant communities, discouraging cooperation with police on serious crimes, and resulting in widespread underreporting of crimes perpetrated against immigrants.

The result: In fiscal year , 85 percent of all removals forced and returns voluntary were of noncitizens who met those criteria. Now, however, any undocumented person anywhere in the country who has been here for as long as two years can be removed. And although it claims it will focus on deporting immigrants who commit serious crimes, the Trump administration is gearing up for mass deportations of many of the Many of the people being targeted have for decades lived lawful, safe, and productive lives here.

About 60 percent of the undocumented have lived in the United States for at least a decade. A third of undocumented immigrants aged 15 and older have at least one child who is a U. Antonio, whom I interviewed in Tijuana in , had lived for many years in Las Vegas, where he worked in construction and his wife cleaned hotels. Having had no encounters with U. But he got nabbed trying to sneak back into the U.

After a legal ordeal, which included being handcuffed and shackled and a degrading stay in a U. He dreaded being forever separated from his wife and their two little boys, who had been born seven and five years before. But Sinaloa is a poor, tough place to live, strongly under the sway of the narcos , and Antonio did not want his loved ones to sacrifice themselves in order to rejoin him. As Antonio choked back tears talking about how much he missed his family, I asked him whether they might travel to San Diego to speak with him across the bars of Friendship Park. He was afraid he would be arrested again, this time in Mexico, because in order to please U.

Mexican businesses were pleased by the orderly look of the city center, the U. If harmless victims of U. Immigrant farm workers harvest spinach near Coachella, California. There is little evidence to support such claims. According to a comprehensive National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine analysis, immigration does not significantly impact the overall employment levels of most native—born workers. The impact of immigrant labor on the wages of native—born workers is also low. Immigrant labor does have some negative effects on the employment and wages of native—born high school dropouts, however, and also on prior immigrants, because all three groups compete for low—skilled jobs and the newest immigrants are often willing to work for less than their competition.

To a large extent, however, undocumented workers often work the unpleasant, back—breaking jobs that native—born workers are not willing to do. Sectors with large numbers of undocumented workers include agriculture, construction, manufacturing, hospitality services, and seafood processing. The fish—cutting industry, for example, is unable to recruit a sufficient number of legal workers and therefore is overwhelmingly dependent on an undocumented workforce. Skinning, deboning, and cutting fish is a smelly, slimy, grimy, chilly, monotonous, and exacting job.

Many workers rapidly develop carpal tunnel syndrome. It can be a dangerous job, with machinery for cutting off fish heads and deboning knives everywhere frequently leading to amputated fingers. The risk of infections from cuts and the bloody water used to wash fish is also substantial. While paying more than jobs she could obtain in Honduras, the fish cutting job was hard for 38—year—old Marta Escoto, profiled by Robin Shulman in a article in The Washington Post.

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Yet the fear of raids to which the Massachusetts fish—cutting industry was subjected a decade ago, in an earlier wave of anti—immigrant fervor, drove her to seek a job as a seamstress in a Massachusetts factory producing uniforms for U. But misfortune struck there, too. Like the seafood processing plants, the New Bedford factory was raided by U.

Unlike many other immigrants swept up in those raids, Marta was ultimately lucky: She had a sister living in Massachusetts who could retrieve her children. And as a result of large political outcry in Massachusetts following those raids, with Senators John F.

Homeland Security Essays (Examples)

Kerry and Edward M. As explained in the previous section, the proximity of the U. The primary DHS hazard that the state will experience due to this is an influx of illegal immigrants and drugs Goodwin, Many of the drug cartels in Mexico smuggle some of their members into the country, alongside other illegal immigrants, so that they can manage the delivery and sale of drugs within the country.

This is, of course, a significant concern for the DHS since these activities have led to increased gang violence, more drugs being distributed which leads to more addicts and a rise in organized crime Goodwin, The primary critical structure of concern within the state is the border which is 3, kilometers long and acts as one of the major gateways for drugs to enter the country. When it comes to identifying threats associated with hazards that were just mentioned, the AZDOHS typically coordinates with local law enforcement departments to investigate where the flow of drugs within Arizona.

Indication systems in this regard come in the form of arrests, tips from local informants and other associated information sources so that the agency can determine where the operations of cartels in local areas is situated. Other sources of information come from illegal immigrants that have been caught who are interrogated and give the necessary information. Presently, there are three major projects that have been implemented by the Arizona State Department of Homeland Security AZDOHS to specifically address the issue of the illegal trafficking of people and drugs across the border.